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New W10 User Questions (Basic Questions, Please)

Q: New W10 User Questions (Basic Questions, Please)


Brand new user.

a. The new PC came with McAfee anti virus.
Should I use it ?

Is it as good as AVG, e.g., which I used on my old W7 PC ? Use them both ?

b. And, how do I turn on the "Defender" anti virus which I understand is part of
the W10 package ?

Would it interfere with McAfee or AVG ? How good is it ?

c. How do I turn on the Firewall; I'm assuming there is one like in W7 ?

Much thanks,

Preferred Solution: New W10 User Questions (Basic Questions, Please)

I recommend downloading and running Reimage. It's a computer repair tool that has been proven to identify and fix many Windows problems with a high level of success.

I've used it in the past to identify and fix everything from blue screens (BSOD's), ActiveX errors, corrupt files and processes, dll/exe/sys errors, recover lost memory, Windows update problems, defragging, malware removal etc.

You can download it direct from this link http://downloadreimage.com/download.php. (This link will automatically start a download of Reimage that you can save to your computer.)

A: New W10 User Questions (Basic Questions, Please)

McAfee, AVG and Defender are all anti-virus programs and you should only run one. In fact Defender will get turned off when another one is installed.

Right click the Start button and select Control Panel.

Then select Security and Maintenance and under Security it will show your the status of the Firewall, Virus and Spyware and which program is running what.

Control panel also has links to Defender and Firewall.

That McAfee is a trial version and at some point you will have to buy it.


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hi i know im being foolish but i have several basic questions :-

1)why do we need a special software for the server. i mean, isnt the server another computer like the others ?

2)what are dynamic html and static html pages ? why r they differently processed in the server/client(im not 2 sure where)?

3)what is jsp and what does it do ?

4)what is a java servlet and what does it do ?

5)what is an apache server( i just know tht it is some software to make r computer run like a server )? what does it do?
also, why is it different from jakarta tomcat(what the hell is it) ?

i'd really appreciate if somebody can answer my questions.

A:basic questions

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Okay, I'm modifying an HP Pavilion P6-2107C and am re-using hardware from an old Media Center WinXP PC.

This new PC uses Windows 7 and is currently stock. The info is in my profile and the board won't let me post the HP link to my product specs.

Anyway, what I'd really love to do is use the audio and video interfaces from that old PC.

Trouble is, it only has 1 PCI-E X16 and 3 PCI-E x1 slots.

Since I'm using the stock graphics card, can I use the PCI-E x16 slot to install my old PCI Coax in/out card? Does that even work?

If not, is there an adapter that will allow me to plug an old PCI cards into one of my USB 3.0 or 2.0 ports?

Any help would be greatly appreciated - thanks!

Pax, harmonia,

Brian G. Philbin

A:Basic PCI vs. PCI-E questions

You can try something like this.

Amazon - StarTech.com PCI Express to PCI Adapter Card (PEX1PCI1)
Newegg - StarTech PCI Express to PCI Adapter Card Model PEX1PCI1
The PCI card will not work in a PCIe card slot without an adapter.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
PCIe usage:

PCIe x1, x4, and x8 will work in a PCIe x16 card slot.
PCIe x4 has pinouts to detect PCIe x1, and x4 cards.
PCIe x8 has pinouts to detect PCIe x1, x4, and x8 cards.
PCIe x16 has pinouts to detect PCIe x1, x4, x8, and x16 cards.
If the backside of the card slot (for instance x1) is open, you can use faster cards (for instance x4, x8,or x16) but the card will only run at the speed of the card slot (x1).

I know a guy that cut away the x4, x8, x16 pins to use a graphics card in a x1 card slot. It was an extra card laying around so he didn't care about physical damage and he only had extra PCIe x1 card slots available. He wanted the card for a special project he was involved in. I was surprised when I read that it was successful.


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Hi all, my PC crashed last week, now I'm a laptop owner and brand new to Vista, so I'm also a newbie to the forum.
Firstly, after briefly scanning the forum topics I'm a little over whelmed by the techinical flavour of the forums in general and wonder if my basic questions will still be ok (insert non-geek icon )
I have a couple of basic questions which may already appear somewhere... but just where... ? perhaps someone might direct me.
Anyway here goes:

1 how do I view an icon or picture when browsing that has been replaced with that little red cross inside a tiny black box... some kind of restrictive browsing setting, but I'm unable to find the option to correct this. (I will need very specific navigation instructions...)
2 what is Blue tooth ?
3 my Vista Business Windows media player won't play my DVDs as installed, whats the simplest way for me to be able to play them?
I have more real hard ones like these but thats enough for you guys to work out right now

A:basic questions

ok so I just installed Flash Player and sorted Q. number 1. Cheers.

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or at least i figure they are pretty easy.....

I am used to using a HDD that is ATA/IDE (whatever) and have used the one cable to connect both HDD and DVD drive. I am going to change over to a SATA HDD, and was wondering a few things...

1. Can i use the same cable i have been using (for the DVD drive) even though there will now be an end that is not connected to anything or do i need to get a single device cable instead?

2. What do i set my jumpers for on the DVD drive now? leave alone or change them to be something else (i thinks its set to cable select now)

3. For the SATA drive, what do i put jumpers set to?

4. for SATA drive does it make any difference which of the four MOBO connection i use? do i need to use Number 1 or any? and why?

Please respond to my simple but honest questions....

A:a few basic questions..

1. Yes

2. It depends. If the jumpers are on cable select now they can probably stay that way.

3. No master/slave jumpers on SATAs. There are sometimes jumpers to limit drive size and to make SATA2 drives work with older SATA1 MBs. Don't mess with them unless you are having a problem. If so post here.

4. What is your MB or system brand and model.

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Hi. i was just wondering, is video card the graphics card? if not how can i check what my video card is and how can i check what my sound car is? plz be specific, i'm very bad at computers

A:very basic questions - plz help

On the start menu goto Control Panel>System>Hardware>Device Manager and you can see a list of cards and their drivers. You can also run some basic tests by double clicking an item and "Troubleshoot".

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Some basic computer questions here.

What is the difference of businesses laptop than non business laptop? If you go Dell web site or Lenovo so on they have section for home use and business. What is the difference between the two computer?

Do business computers have more RAM and hard drive space than home use? Can you buy business computer and use it for home use from say Dell, HP or Lenovo and so on.

Also what is difference when you see computer listed has open box vs refurbished computer? Can open box or refurbished computer be two or three years old? Reason why I ask I seen some Intel Core 2 Duo!!!! Yes Intel Core 2 Duo. This listed has refurbished computer.

Does this mean the computer it self is that old? The Intel Core 2 Duo where around before year 2010 so does that mean the computer is over 7 years old. If so why is it listed has refurbished? Or the computer been used for 7 years and now listed has refurbished.

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At the moment I am using Win 7 (Dell OEM) and still considering Win 10. However, there are a few basic questions that I would be grateful for answers to.

1) I have Windows updates set to 'ask before downloading'. The impression I get from the media and internet is that MS are pushing users to upgrade with all their might. However, I haven't had anything at all from MS. Is this just me? If I actually decided to download Win 10 I am presumably going to have to call MS - have you got a suitable link?

2) As noted above my Win 7 OS is the pre-installed Dell OEM version. Am I entitled to the free upgrade?

3) I understand that the free upgrade will end about July this year. Is it possible to download the upgrade now but only install it after the end of the free period?

4) Is there a site where I can check whether my current system - hardware and software - is compatible with Win 10?

5) I take it that the upgrade will not carry over any of my installed programs.

A:Some basic questions


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Had this new Dell for about a month - delivered with Win 7 Pro x64 SP1 installed.
1st thing - made a system image disk set - using Dell utility.

2nd - Tried to make a rescue disk - Dell Utility looks for a USB drive greater than 100mg < 3 TB. instered 16 Gig thumb drive - NOPE - wants an eternal HDD! Win 7 utility - error message. ( don't remember it off hand, but I didn't get very far into kicking off the utility. )

3 - Win 7 updates - spent 24 hours downloading and "installing" umpteen updates - Important! Currently I have at least 220 failed update installs sitting in the 'update' window of the whatever utility wants me to download and install more important updates ( which also fail to install).

Current program installs on that machine ( not using it to type this ) are AVG and Firefox. nothing else so far. By the way - Firefox does run without problems ( although I should evidently be using an alternative browser in the near future.. )

I had one instruction to erase the update folder - well can't find an "Update" folder - where the hell does Win 7 store this stuff.? ->Then, do I have to download each one - one at a time, with a reboot each time, only to find out they didn't install?

My account is admin level, and neither I, nor the Administrator, are allowed to see what's in various folders, even though I believe I have system folders as " visible".

If this thing can't accomplish basic stuff, I'm really tempted ... Read more

A:New to Win 7 pro 64 - Serious basic questions

How was it when you 1st got it ?

You didn`t do ant updates when you got it ?

Is windows activated ?

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Question 1 please. When I move abroad (Philippines) from Oman shortly, do I have to have my computer set up in any different way once I am there, or do i just plug in and carry on?

And No 2. How do I put all my computer info/files etc on to hard disc as a security measure and will any type of CD do the job?

Many thanks. John

A:Two Basic Questions For Those Who Know!

Hi John.Voltage is 220v-240v standard. Some hotels have 110v for us dumb americans. Outlets on the walls, by american standards, are weird looking. Buy your adapter there if needed. I don't know what they look like in Jordan but here is an example for the Philippines.Anything you take with you as far as your system is concerned obviously doesn't change. Backing up your data isn't an issue with the stuff you already have. You will run across some issues with any new equipment you purchase there though.An example would be DVD region coding. If you currently have a home dvd player (not computer), it is most likely region 2 locked and will not play a store bought dvd movie purchased in the Philippines as they are region 3. Blank media doesn't apply of course. As far as your internet provider and physical modem connection is concerned, I'm clueless. And No 2. How do I put all my computer info/files etc on to hard disc as a security measure and will any type of CD do the jobBurn your data files on any cd\dvd you want. I'll assume you already know how to do that. Pretty basic stuff. If it were me, I'd also do a complete system backup on a secondary drive in case your computers HD is damaged in transit.

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I've used Nero and Alcohol 120% quite a bit for buring data CDs. My daughter wants to burn some MP3 albums to CD. All the tracks are in MP3 format but there is one that is listed as an M3U file. What is this for and what does it do?

Also, should each MP3 track be copied in individually or can you just copy the folder containing them?

One more. After you burn the MP3s and pop the CD into your player, will it auto-play or is there something that must be done to ensure this?

Sorry if I sound like a total doof.

A:MP3 Buring Questions - Basic

The M3U file is a playlist. It won't matter if you burn that to the CD or not.. If you want to be able to play the files in a normal CD player, you'll have to burn the disk as a audio disk in nero. Nero should convert the files so they are uncompressed.

If you plan to use the CD in a PC, or in a mp3 capable player, you can just burn the folder's contents to a disk, it will not autoplay though..

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How do you do a hard drive search in Windows 7? How do you explore? How do you get to the option of opening all folders in the same window or each in its own window?

Thanks for any help!

A:Basic questions about using Windows 7

About the best way of getting answer to many question is the Forum Tutorial Section at the top of ever page. It's a great place to learn many things about Windows 7.


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This will probably be basic, novice question, but my experience lies within software instead of hardware...

I need to replace the motherboard in my Compaq notebook (Presario 18XL), or so say the folks at CompUSA anyway. According to them, the part itself will run somewhere in the neighborhood of $1,000. Iím convinced that there has to be a cheaper solution outside of the OEM part ordered directly from Compaq. Unfortunately, I donít have a clue how to find out which boards may be compatible with my system. Is there anyone that could help me out, by chance? Any easy-to-use sites that might be of interest?

Thanks a ton for your help!!

A:The most basic of motherboard questions...

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How do I find out if my ram is SDR or DDR and if my video card is an AGP or PCI-E (if AGP, 4x or 8x). Is there a way to find out about these through the control panel/device manager? I'd appreciate your help.

A:Solved: basic questions


Download this and run it.
It will tell you whats under the hood
It will tell you what your Main Board is.

Then Google it.
It will tell you what it supports....AGP..PCIE ect..ect...DDR..SDR...ect.....

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I am getting a new laptop for Christmas and will be using Win 7 64bit for the first time.

I've been using Win XP and since I was the only one using the laptop, I only had an admin account which I now know is a big no-no.


I will be creating an admin account and a user account with UAC for my personal laptop.

1. What will I use the admin for?
2. Which account do I install and run virus/malware scans?
3. which account do i make system restores?
4. which account do I uninstall the bloatware from?
5. What actually happens if my user account gets messed up with malware etc? Does that mean my admin is still clean and perfect?
6. Will the user account be able to see network places and share with my external HD?
7. What are some of the first things to update when i turn it on for the first time? Is there a proper way to install all of the windows updates? Do i do them all at one time or restart after each install?

Maybe just a little run down on the basics. I appreciate any do's and don'ts as this is a new computer and I want to do everything right at the start.

Thanks so much

A:New laptop with Win 7 and some basic questions

Quote: Originally Posted by janeydoll

I am getting a new laptop for Christmas and will be using Win 7 64bit for the first time.

I've been using Win XP and since I was the only one using the laptop, I only had an admin account which I now know is a big no-no.


I will be creating an admin account and a user account with UAC for my personal laptop.

1. What will I use the admin for? Installing elevated level apps
2. Which account do I install and run virus/malware scans? any user
3. which account do i make system restores? any user
4. which account do I uninstall the bloatware from? any user
5. What actually happens if my user account gets messed up with malware etc? (use admin to clean or create a new user)
Does that mean my admin is still clean and perfect? (possibly but not probably)
6. Will the user account be able to see network places and share with my external HD? (YES)
7. What are some of the first things to update when i turn it on for the first time? Is there a proper way to install all of the windows updates? Do i do them all at one time or restart after each install? (your call some install all some one at a time. be sure to have a restore point)

Maybe just a little run down on the basics. I appreciate any do's and don'ts as this is a new computer and I want to do everything right at the start.

Thanks so much

It really is your call, and depends on how you use it and what you run. I personally r... Read more

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Really showing my ignorance here, but please bear with me.

a. When going from my Comcast modem (broadband) to the input of a new
PC, I guess I will need a Cat 5e cable.

Do I want the "Crossover" type ?

(if not, just so I can learn, how and where is a "Crossover" type used ?)

b. Is a "Cat 5e" cable considered an Ethernet Cable ?

c. In a while I'll get a Router. But in the meantime would like to share the Comcast
modem between two PC's in the same room. BUT, not at the same time.

Looked, but couldn't find any.
Might anyone know of a A/B type of simple mechanical switch I could use ?
(Mfg. and Model ?)

Much thanks,

A:A Few Very Basic Questions Re a Cat 5e Cable

Hi Bob, I hope I can answer some of your question.
Yes Cat 5e cable is an ethernet cable. you dont need a crossover cable as its mainly used to connect hubs and routers. Ethernet crossover cable - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is what you need to connect 2 PC's to the comcast modem; Belkin : 4-Port Router

You can search ebay for cheap prices.

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Hi folks

I have two pc's that I generally use throughout the day. My home desktop and my work laptop.

They are both connect to the web via my BT Homehub box. Both wireless.

I have a printer connected to the desktop and an external 250Gb HDD.

I want to be able to share both the printer and the external HD with my work laptop.

Can somebody point me in the right direction as to what I need to be doing to get this working.

I have tried to share the harddrive by right clicking and going to sharing and security but cannot see the drive from my work laptop??

Any help greatly received. Thanks

A:Basic networking questions: help please

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Will blame my inability to figure this out on my age now.
Would be most grateful for any help.
New PC; trying to get everything set up.

Boy, it sure is different than my old one with XP.

a. During the first turn-on, it asked for a Password, which I assigned.
I really don't want a Password for it; it's fine for anyone in the family to use it.
How do I get rid of the Password, and have it just start automatically ?

b. In XP, I set up two "accounts" (I think this is the right word for them)
One was called Bob (me), and one was called Steve (son).
When the PC first started there were two icons showing; one labeles Bob, and one labeled Steve. Depending on who was using, each of us therefore had their selectable "own side" of the PC, etc. Anything equiv. in Windows7.

How do I implement this kind of thing for two users, please ?

c. In Windows Explorer in XP, you could click on My Computer\ and a Drive
Letter to see what is in it. Is there anything equivalent to this in Windows7 ?

d. My new LG 2053TQ Monitor I have hooked up with the DIV Digital cable.
I read somewhere that the default in W7 is for VGA. Having all sorts of Monitor problems; no OSD screen, etc. So, I better check if it is set for VGA ?
How and where is this option ?

Again, thank you very much for the help.
Great Forums; glad I found you all.
Thanks again,

A:Sr. Citizen Basic Questions, Please

Hi Robert,

Here are a few Seven Forums tutorial that will help with these issues.

a. Password is a security measure, have a look at these:
type 'User Accounts' in the search box enter click 'Remove your Password'
Log On Automatically at Startup

b. You can set up accounts: User Accounts

You can add as many user accounts as you need.

c. In explorer you can scroll up then click on 'Computer' and all your hard drives and partitions will be listed.

d. With more information about your computer I can help with this. Try this free system information program.
SIW - System Information for Windows

Seven Forums tutorials covers just about anything you might want/need to do:

Let us know if you have any more questions.

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I bought a HDD caddy to connect a 2nd hdd for my Lenovo E530 laptop:

I'm now looking for a compatible HDD. Besides storage size, the differences between the products are in the following features:

2. Cache
3. RPM

How does each one matter?
Also, most of the products are SATA 3, will it fit the caddy?


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Hi all I have some basic questions.
1 And if a CPU can do 30 calculations a second vc 40 calculations a
second how will it help me
2.And how does calculations work and what is point of the
calculations .

A:basic questions CPU calculations

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I've been trying to figure this out for several weeks, but no luck so far.  Where can I turn to for some basic technical advice?  I have a new z510 that I bought and received in December.I have figured out how to update it from Windows 8.0 to 8.1. Just apply enough Windows updates, and the Windows store told me that I had the update available. I had to figure this out on my own. There were no instructions that I could find, telling me how to do this, and web searches weren't helpful... For example. the specs say that it has 1 USB 2.0 port and USB usb 3.0 ports. Which is the USB 2.0 port? Is it the single port on the right side? Is there any easy way to tell if a driver has been updated on my PC or not? Is there a utility that I can run that will tell me which drivers on the Lenovo update page need to be updated? As I said, I had to update from windows 8.0 myself, so the drivers may be out of date as well. Is there a setting to permanently turn on the Num Lock every time I boot? Is there a Windows 8/8.1 work around to disable the Caps Lock key? I know what the work around is in Windows 7, but I don't want to mess up the registry in Windows 8.1... Questions like these. Who should I ask? Thanks. Rick  


Go to Solution.

A:Who to Ask for basic, a few technical questions.

Hi Rick_S, welcome to the forum.
Do you want some useful links?
The Lenovo 8 - 8.1 update info is in this thread:
For your question about the USB ports, see these PDFs. The first is the User Guide, and the second is the Hardware Maintenance Manual. Actually, you have 2-USB 3 ports, and 1-USB 2 port. The USB 3 ports have the "blue" interior guide in them.
Here is the Z510 Driver Matrix.  If your laptop is brand new, your BIOS may be Newer than the BIOS listed on the Matrix.  Still, all the required 8.1 drivers are available on the page.
I don't know of any "good" utility that will scan all of your drivers, and compare them with what's available on the Lenovo matrix. I always open up the Device Manager and individually check each driver against the Matrix.
AFAIK there could be a setting in the BIOS that allows you to turn off/on the Num Lock for the booting. But it's system specific, and I don't have the Z510. Same answer for the Cap Lock, IDK.
For your last question, you've made a good start by asking here! 
&... Read more

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Hi all. I have a desktop PC upstairs and my daughter just got a "new" used desktop PC for her room downstairs. I know I need a router to hook them both up to the internet. Just not sure what to look for in a router. I will be getting a wireless router, even tough I will be useing ethernet cables to hook it up. They are already there. About all we do is read e-mail, surf the net, and stream movies and music. And the connection "HAS" (her quote, not mine!) to be fast enough to play online games like on pogo.com. Those are pretty basic games though. I dont think I need a "N" router, but Im not sure. I also think a "G" would be pretty slow. So I am thinking about a "G+". Any thought? Also, since I will be useing a wired wireless, will that affect the speeds at all? And, if it matters, we have DSL through SBC, Yahoo, something or other.

A:Basic Router Questions.

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I'm considering buying a USB hub. My knowledge in electricity is about 0, so I'm not sure about the preferred power specs of each.
So there's that one, 7 ports, with a 12V/3A power adapter.
7 ports, 5V/4A.
9 ports, 12V/5A

The last one has only one port designed for charging, and the rest of them may not be good enough.
From the second one (4A):
To ensure a stable connection, don't use this hub with high power consumption devices (those exceeding a combined current of 4 Amps among all ports) such as some large-capacity hard drives.
This hub is not meant to serve as a stand-alone charger. It is not compatible with iPads or any other devices which have irregular charging requirements.Click to expand...

From the third one (5A):
With an additional port devoted exclusively to charging, this hub was designed with compatibility in mind. At up to 2.1A fast, the charging port max-speed charges smartphones, tablets or even other USB-charged devices.Click to expand...

Are they talking about the amp parameter? The third product says specifically that the special port is capable of 2.1A. So how much do the other ports supply?
I thought the device can provide X ampere total, regardless of how it's divided. (by all ports, or taken by just one)
Is there an amp limit to each port?

What are your thoughts? Thanks.

A:Questions about a USB hub and basic electricity

You are correct, the total current (1000mA = 1Amp) output of a powered hub shouldn't be higher than it's power supply can deliver.
But some Usb devices don't need the full 500ma maximum current that a Usb 2.0 port can deliver so in practise you may be able to use all the Usb ports on the hub even if they can't all deliver 500ma.

Usb 3.0 can supply up to 900mA per port but here again the total current should not be higher than the hub's power supply can deliver.

Any electrical device will only use the current it needs to operate, possibly a lot less than the power source is capable of delivering. The Voltage a device is rated for should be the same as the source's though.
So a laptop charger that is rated for the correct Voltage and at least the same or higher current output needed for a particular laptop will work ok, the laptop will only take as much current as it needs, even if the battery is removed or is charging.

This is a good explanation of Usb hub current ability :- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USB_hub#Power
Usb ports designed for charging devices can deliver more current, more info on all this here :- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USB#Power
'Normal' Usb ports are 5 Volts but see the table at the above link for some other types.

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The computer I'm using has several iexplore running in Task Manager, with one or zero real internet Explorers running. I've read a few threads on here that indicate this is because of malware.

This computer is my relative's and in a couple of weeks her new computer will arrive. I had already intended to reformat this HD and reinstall Windows, thinking that was why this machine is so darn slow.

Here are the really basic questions:
As we move her data from this computer to the other, will we be transferring the malware? Probably, right? Should I get set up to provide a Hijackthis log to you?

If it turns out that I do not need to remove the malware for data transfer, then will reformatting the hard drive make everything ok?

I realize these are very basic questions, thank you for your tolerance!

(By the way, the computer has had Norton antivirus on it since it was bought.)

A:Really basic questions about malware

Hello and Welcome to TSF.

I've replied to some of your queries below, in blue.



The computer I'm using has several iexplore running in Task Manager, with one or zero real internet Explorers running. I've read a few threads on here that indicate this is because of malware.

If there are no instances of Internet Explorer running, then Task Manager should not typically be showing any.Note that IE8 will create more than one instance of iexplore.exe at a time. I currently have two showing. One IE window. If I open another tab in IE8, that number goes up to 3. Another tab, another iexplore. You can read more about IE8 here


This computer is my relative's and in a couple of weeks her new computer will arrive. I had already intended to reformat this HD and reinstall Windows, thinking that was why this machine is so darn slow.

Here are the really basic questions:
As we move her data from this computer to the other, will we be transferring the malware? Probably, right?

It's possible, depending on what type of infection is involved, or what data is transferred. If you focus on only transferring documents and pictures, that should be fine. If you do a clone of the current drive, or simply transfer everything on the machine, then the likelihood of transferring infected files increases. Cleaning a machine ahead of a format seems an expense of time not needed if you... Read more

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I'm sure I'm way behind the curve on this, but can someone give me the basic pros and cons on Firefox? Should I be using it as my main browser? Why or why not?

A:Firefox basic questions

Hello... I first installed Firefox around the first of the year and have been experimenting with it for the past 9 months. I used both it and an enhanced version of IE called MyIE2. After the 1.0 release of Firefox, and the latest release of Thunderbird (Mozilla's stand-a-lone Email program) I made the switch to using Firefox as my default browser.

The main reasons I have heard for switching to Firefox are for security. IE seems to have a lot of security vulnerabilities, and a considerable number of people who want to exploit them. Firefox closes many of these vulnerabilities. In addition, Firefox has a variety of very nice browsing enhancements. One that I particularly like is the tabbed windows. If I want to open a link in a new window, the window shows up as a tab in the top of the browser, and not a new copy of the browser. In addition, Firefox has a lot of "Extensions" available that you can install to personalize your web browsing. Firefox is not supported by any company, but by the mozilla.org. It is "open-source" software and just about anyone who desires, can submit changes (there are rules). I have found over the last 9 months that support is pretty good. Postings to their forums are generally answered quickly and competently. In addition, one forum is dedicated to enhancement requests, and as new versions are released, they incorporate the most com monly requested enhancements. All in all, I have found it to be a sound functionally strong ... Read more

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Okay I am beginning to look at building my new computer and I had a few questions.

What are some opinions on Athlon XP vs Pentium 4?
Which is faster? Which has better prices?

What are some good motherboards for either?

Also what are some good internet sites for a newbie with some basic computer experience (I know basic info and have installed several components on my current computer).

Thanks for your opinions and info.

A:Basic CPU & Mobo Questions

I personally do not think speed is that much of an issue, given today's clock speeds. I do prefer a Pentium 4 because it has less energy consumption, and less heat generated, than the Athlon. (And you get a really decent heatsink if you buy the retail version of the P4).

Can't tell you much about motherboards, because I cannot remember exact models, but I have a bias for Asustek and Abit.

For sites, the only three I really visit are Techspot, Anandtech and CDRinfo. Tweak3D, occasionally.

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I have a few questions relating to converting mp3 to audio cd, as I have some mp3 recordings I need to add to audio cdr in order to play on any hi-fi :-
1. What would you recommend as good tools for the job in converting mp3 to audio cd, with a high quality conversion? A tool that can verify the burns afterwards would be the best for me (ashampoo does not let me do this). Are there any free tools that can give a high quality output for this task?

2. Other than mp3, whats the best tool in your opinion that can convert a variety of audio formats to audio cd, without having to take each track individually to a format that the conversion program only supports (which is supposedly usually wav or mp3)?

3. Do audio cds normally have a main title?

4. I tried out ashampoo, which for mp3 to audio cd conversion, did not let me write a main title header for the disc in general. My discs didnt read in the same laptop after a burn either, but they did in a hi-fi!-could this have been related to the audio cd not allowing me to give the cd a title, or is it more likely to just be a poor drive or burning program?

5. After adding mp3 files, for a split second a window once popped up in the above ashampoo program and asked me to give the disc a name, but disappeared when I tried to click on the text area. I thought initially that my firewall/protection may have been causing the window to disappear (comodo/adaware always running)-which sounds like a bad bug-has anyone come across this in a... Read more

A:basic mp3 to audio cd questions

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I would like to start using profiles in Firefox but have some questions. I setup Firefox so that before it starts it ask you what profile you would like to start, but I do not like this.

Is there any addon or some other way that I cam make it so that it will load the default profile, then when loaded I can change the profile?

Is there anyway that I can set a password for profiles?

All-in-all I would say that the Firefox community really needs some good addons for working with profiles...

Thanks for your time

A:Basic Profile questions...

So that is a no then? Or are the questions not as basic as I had thought?

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I have some basic questions that I would greatly appreciate some guidance on:

(1) Through Computer Management and my registry I have permanently disabled all administrative shares but cannot disable the IPC$ share. How do I disable this share?

(2) Microsoft Baseline Security Analyser 1.2.1 tells me that it cannot determine if patch MS05-009 (Vulnerability in PNG Processing .. ) has been installed. I thought that the Windows Update site will take care of all patches, or do I need to go through and manually check patches? If so, how should I do this?

(3) In Windows XP Professional I have tried to enable CRT+Alt+DEL login (instead of welcome sceen) by making the registry change suggested in Microsoft's 5 Minute Security Advisor (http://www.microsoft.com/technet/archive/community/columns/security/5min/5min-103.mspx) but it does not work. Is there another way?

(4) Apparently I should rename the administrator account, but in Windows XP professional I canít see a way to do this Ö How is it done?

(5) How do I find out about any failed login attempts?

(6) My DSL-504 modem/router responds to pings Ė I have contacted tech support and they cannot help. Any recommendations on a hardware firewall? Ideally I would like a firewall with the absolute maximum security possible ...

Thanks In Advance

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I have a basic security questions here.

1 Can a virus or worm damage the network card, router or modem?

2 Can a hacker damage the network card, router or modem?

3.Can current go on the internet cable and damage the network card, router or modem? Like a power out or lighting strike.

And the last can a capacitor explode or burn out and damage the network card, router or modem?
I know there is malware that can effect the BIOS firmware..

A:basic security questions

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Can this:

Modem -> Router -> Hub -> Host, Host, Etc...
...............Wireless -> Host, Host, Etc...
Turn into this?:
......................Switch -> Host, Host, Host, Host
Modem -> Router -> Hub -> Host, Host, Etc...
...............Wireless -> Host, Host, Etc...

If not, why? If so, how?

Also, this network is P2P. Is there anyway to segment part of the network to have a server, to that it would look something like this?:

...............................Router -> Server -> Client, Client, Client
Modem -> Router -> Hub -> Host, Host, Etc...
................Wireless -> Host, Host, Etc...


A:basic networking questions

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I just dusted off my xp professional disc I bought way back in october 2001 and installed it in my multi-partition system. After a little figuring out and reloading I finally got it to cooperate with bootmagic.
Well, anyway, I guess I am sort of a new XP user now. After using ME for quite a while I wanted to know some things about how to configure XP that didn't seem so simple to find in the help.

1. When I set up profiles for different people, how do I get a program I load to the administrator profile (or another) to show up in the start menu's of certain other users? It only seems to show up on the profile it is loaded on and no shortcuts to it exist in any other profile. I'm sure this is one of those stupid questions that is easiest to answer. In the past I have always used partition and bootmagic with ME to just give each person their own OS but XP doesn't seem to like this sort of thing.

2. I find the popup messages, particularly the ones in the lower right of the screen to be annoying. When I do the "hide notifications" feature then it gets smart with me and pops up a message to tell me I've hidden my popups (duh!!!). I am the sort of person that does not like interruptions and reminders-even little ones and would like an OS that just shuts up and does what its told; I get enough backtalk from the kids already, lol.

3. Is there any way to shut off the "ambience" in the media player? I don't like it either. I am curent... Read more

A:basic xp configuration questions

I do believe that Tweak UI will take care of those things for you, and welcome back to the future...

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Hi there,Recently i had bought a second hand T400 (Type ID : 7417CTO   ) with windows installed in it.  So far the system is fine, but I have few question eventually to ask and understand.1) I realized that this model also din't comes with Bluetooth module.  If i intended to purchase from outside, is it compatible with the connector ?2) My company requires to use a smart card reader (PCMCIA Card Bus), but once i inserted this reader into the system, windows only detected as "PCMCIA MTD 002".  I had searched around forum and one of the Microsoft guy suggested that this could be BIOS unable to allocate memory for the device.  Can u guys verified this ? The SmartCard reader is equipped with IC NCN6000 from ON semiconductor.Thanks.

A:T400 - Some basic questions

The bluetooth module for this model is 42T0969, but many or most of the models not configured with bluetooth don't have the connector on the LCD cable.  You need to pull off the LCD bezel to check.  Models with integrated smart card use a different express card slot 42X4992.

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I've got a home network with based on D-Link DIR-655 router, its IP address is, mask is and it has disabled DHCP or any firewalls.

I have three computers in this network, two of them use Windows 7 Ultimate and the last, and old, one - Windows XP Professional.

Network group name is "HOME" on every PC.

I have some basic questions:

- why do I see this, while there's no user password on any PC and password sharing is turned off (along with this funny Homegroup feature killing all connections to XP):

- why it's so hard to make a normal, working LAN consisting of mixed (XP and Seven) PCs? I just love Seven, but all the new "improvements" in Sharing section are pretty frustrating,

- I guess there's no possibility of joining a Homegroup with Windows XP? And why, the hell, Homegroup always needs/generates a password:

I'm looking for simple answers, because I don't want to create new password-protected user account just for sharing purposes.

A:Some basic questions about Seven & XP sharing.

Read this:

File Sharing - Between XP and W7 (and vice versa)

Note: You have to use a workgroup, not a homegroup on seven.

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Hi, in setting up a hardware firewall, is it best practices to have the firewall first in line behind th ISP's device, or second, after the wireless router. Reason for question, is I've put a hardware firewall in and then had to set the Wireless Router to Bridge mode to pass the DHCP info along, doing so disabled the guest network as it no longer dishes out IPs. So the question is do I put the wireless router in front of the hardware firewall and let it serve DHCP or keep it behind the firewall and add a separate wireless for guest access. (It seem to make sense to keep the hardware firewall the first device behind the ISP's box.) We want authenticated users to be able to use wireless and connect to the server, yet also want to allow guest access.

Second, the hardware firewall out of the box, is set to a IP. If I have wireless router and a managed switch they too often default to their management access to -- so is it best practice to leave the firewall at 1.1 and change the other devices, or change the firewall to a different IP first? Or doesn't it matter at all?

Third, if in the future we might add a site to site VPN, am I better off just starting the firewall at say, so that I can use op to to do site to site connections? Again, looking for best practices?


A:Basic Hardware Firewall Questions

I would put the firewall directly under the modem. Then connect the wireless router under the firewall. If guests need wireless, then add a second wireless router under the firewall for them. ( $35)

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Recently carried out a format on my dell dimension PC to generally clean it all up and start over again (everything had been backed up). Its been a while since a carried out a format and since restarting i have had a few problems that i can't remember how to fix them but they are very basic

I am using some old dan speakers on my dell pc which have worked fine with the PC but since the reformat they just don't register, and it looks as though my sound card is installed and recognised

Second point is the beasic keyboard problem with Shft + 2 becoming the @ icon while Shft + ' becomes "

apart from that is there any other software i should downlaod and run to keep my PC healthy, hope this is in the right part and thanks in advance

A:Basic Questions, Problems after Format

You can go to the Dell Support site, navigate to your model and download any drivers you need

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I have begun to have problems with Outlook Express (been lucky for years, I guess). I have Windows XP SP2. I have two identities in OE. The primary one often goes blank in all sections of the page (Inbox, list of e-mails, summary at bottom, etc.) when I switch from from one folder to another i.e.Inbox to Send or even "Deleted" folders...or EZ Armour's Anti-Spam folder. On the secondary identity, if I click on anything at anytime that happens. In the first I have to 'end task' to get out. In the secondary one, NOTHING gets me back in unless I do a System Restore in which case it reverts to the primary OE account, understandably.


1) Is OE a part of Windows XP (in that it came with my computer two years ago) OR is it a part of Microsoft Office (of which OUTLOOK is, I know).
2) I do not have a CD etc. but rather the recovery disk is a part of the hard drive. Can I use a specific portion of THAT to re-install OE? I don't mind losing what I have in OE, since I have copied the critical e-mails.
3) Does Microsoft provide any utility for repairing OE and/or can I just delete OE and download a new one for Microsoft? I have checked their website and don't find any specifics about that.

Thanks to anyone who will take a minute or so to respond. I am (as if it weren't obvious) a novice. But I have always found excellent help from knowledgeable people on this site.



A:Outlook Express: Basic Questions

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I'm curently reinstalling Windows XP and am now looking into installing the drivers and software for the ATI video card. I always try to search through the FAQ's as well as the release notesand online documentation - but I still have a few questions.
The card is an "All-in-Wonder Radeon AGP". A 7200 version.
The CD that came with it only has the Win98 and WinMe installation files.

I just want to be sure that I'm going about this the proper way. I've downloaded the latest drivers and files for Windows XP [ver 3.8 - (Display Driver,Control Panel,WDM Capture driver)]. According the the readme the Radeon 7200 is supported

Are these downloads enough to get everything up-to-date? Or will I be needing the original install cd for anything?
Also, according to the installation instructions - I am supposed to Uninstall the ATI Display Driver before rebooting and beginning the install. Looking at the Device Manager the current drivers I have on my system are located under: Display Adapters/All-in-Wonder Radeon AGP (device type: Display Adapters) (driver file details: All-in-Wonder Radeon AGP c:\windows\system32\drivers\atimtag.sys) *** Is this the right DRIVER to UNINSTALL????

I've also noticed ATI references under "Sound, Video and game controllers" in The Device Manager area. Are these also to be removed before doing these ati driver installs??

I think I'm doing it right... am I missing anything?

A:ATI card basic install questions

At the time I installed my ATI card (All-in-Wonder 7500), I had 30 days of free tech help. The technician directed me to the ATI web site and had me load all the current drivers from them.

She then had me go to the area you are speaking of in device manager and remove all mentions of ATI. I was then told to reboot, let things be redetected, and then load the "newer" drivers.

My card required the drivers to be loaded in a particualr order. Some required me to reboot before continuing..others did not.

The site (www.ati.com) is not the easiest to navigate. Go to their home page and do a search for "drivers" and see if anything there helps.

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Can anyone tell me how to change these options in Vista? I tried looking in control panel but couldn't find the settings.

1)When deleting a file in Vista 64 how do you remove the 'confirm delete' option when sending an item to recycle bin?

2)When games crash in Vista 64 a window pops up saying "Windows is searching for a problem to the crash" how do you remove this annoying option?

3)How do you lock desktop icons/shortcuts on the desktop?

4)In Internet Explorer 'Favorites' column how do you remove 'confirm delete' prompt when deleting favorites links?

A:Vista64 basic interface questions

Hi Talon,

Questions answered inline:

Originally Posted by talon191

1)When deleting a file in Vista 64 how do you remove the 'confirm delete' option when sending an item to recycle bin?

This tutorial will show you how.
How to Enable or Disable the Recycle Bin Delete Confirmation Dialog in Vista

2)When games crash in Vista 64 a window pops up saying "Windows is searching for a problem to the crash" how do you remove this annoying option?

Stop the Problem Reports and Solutions Control Panel Support service and set it to Manual or Disabled. This tutorial will show you how if needed.
How to Disable or Enable Vista Services With a Advice Guide

3)How do you lock desktop icons/shortcuts on the desktop?

Right click on the desktop and click View, then uncheck Auto Arrange and Align to Grid. This will leave the icons where you put them.

4)In Internet Explorer 'Favorites' column how do you remove 'confirm delete' prompt when deleting favorites links?

I believe this uses the same confirmation for the Recycle Bin in the first question.

Hope this helps,

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I am a novice. I am also very literal minded. if it doesnt say "anti-virus" I am not sure if that is what it is. Is HJT anti virus? or what is it? same with spybot? it sounds like a program specificly directed at spyware - although I am not exactly sure what that is - it just sounds really bad. And pest patrol... now that sounds like more of a virus/bug - debug thing. although is a bug and a virus the same thing? when I am sick I might say I caught a bug.... I am looking for an anti virus program and although I posted a note in another file - I realised later that that wasn't the appropriate section to ask such questions and it was answered by a couple of people that were not moderators or security so (no offense intended to them - thank you very much for your advise) I just got paranoid thinking that I hate to download some free virus program only to find out I downloaded some nasty thing... It is kinda like I am looking for some other opinions to verify previous recommendations. They recommended AVAST and AVG Antivirus. Can anyone tell me about these and or any thing else?
thank you for any insight you can offer.

A:Can anyone explain some basic stupid questions.

HJT (Hijackthis) and Spybot Search & Destroy are both spyware removal tools and Pest Patrol is also a spyware detecting program. There are several FREE anitvirus tools and Advast, Panda, and AVG are a few. I use AVG and it works well. To provide the ultimate in online security you need to buffer yourself from the web. You need the following. I will also list what I use.

Firewall (Zone Alarm Pro 5)
Popup Blocker (Popup Stopper)
Cookie Blocker (Cookiewall)
Antivirus (AVG)
Spyware Removal Tools (Spybot Search and Destroy, Adaware6, hijackthis)
Spyware Preventor (SpywareBlaster)

And of course an updated OS thats patched with all updates. Running the following together with each other will pretty much protect the PC. I've used the following for awhile now and have had no spyware or virus issues in months. Hope this helps!!

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Just started trying out Vista Home Basic now. I know I'm kinda late trying it out..got stuck with XP SP3...Well, definitely a newbie here. It's different than XP. A couple of questions if I may:

1) I'm trying out Vista Home Basic on an old pc with P4 2.6Ghz 2.5gb ram 256mb agp video card. It was kinda hard making the drivers work and had to resort to using the Compatibility mode so I could have a audio and make an old 56K modem work. Well I got it working! It's kinda sluggish especially when dsplaying multiple windows ot tabs while browsing...

Can I do something to change setting perhaps to make the performance a bit faster...? Can you teach me how please?

2) How can I make a shortcut of my connections in the desktop? I use both a dial-up and wireless dsl and I have to go to "Connect To" in the start menu then select the connection I prefer to use. Isn't there a way to have a shortcut for this?

In XP SP3 I have a Connec to>(which displays all my connections) then I just select it from there. Can I do that in Vista Home Basic?

3) The status of the connection is only viewed via the Network and Sharing>View Status. Isn't there a way I can view the status of my connection via a hotkey or something?

Please guide/help me make my experience with Vista worthwhile.

Any tips or Vista approaches to improve performance is deeply appreciated.

Thank you very much!

A:Vista Home Basic questions

goto network connections you should see your dial up provider there right click it and send to desktop. I am not home right now so i am doing this by phone. doing from memory i know you can set it so you have an icon in task bar but i not home to look i know you right click on something and select properties. Then there should be a box you tick to show on task bar i think it is in network connections. And and should say something like show icon in notification area when connected. See if that helps. To answer your first question goto run type in msconfig hit enter goto start up tab uncheck everything you do not need to startup. Save and close restart computer. See if that helps speed it up.

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Hey, all. Again, for those who don't know, I'm the guy who "cleans" up computers lost in pawn or those purchased by the store for resale. As you would imagine, I have (had?...) a routine for going through a machine but Vista has kinda squelched that. No longer is "Run" in the startup menu although I can run "msconfig" from the command prompt as well as "regedit". Is this a changeable default or is this feature just not available in Vista ("Run" not showing up in the start menu.)

Many times, our sales people neglect to get passwords from people. In XPHE, I can "backdoor" through the Administrator's account in safe mode and remove any passwords. When I boot in safe mode in Vista, I get no "Administrator" account, only the same accounts that appear on normal boot. Can I get into the Vista OS through any backdoor? Can I get THE Administrators' account to show up in safe mode? Or is there even a "master" administrators account in Vista?

I also can't find the desktop wizard when searching nor can I find any info on "clean desktop". Are these functions gone or have the overly creative minds at MS just called them something else?

And, as I mentioned once before in another thread, when searching, I can specify "files" or "music" or "pictures" but no longer is there a "video" option. Does the "picture" category cover vid... Read more

A:Basic Vista questions/complaints

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Hi, I am new to Exchange (having up till now run our Outlook email clients as standalone clients collecting to .PST files on a LAN file server, collecting via POP3 from our email server hosted by a commercial provider - Xilo).

8 days ago (on Monday 12th Nov) I had a networking company come in and set up Exchange server for us.

Exchange mailboxes replaced our .PST files (with the .PST data migrated into the Exchange mailboxes).

Initially, just for continuity and to avoid throwing everything up in the air together, we continued to collect mail into Exchange via POP3 (using the same mailboxes provided by Xilo our hosts).

Then on Thursday (15th Nov) we finally "grew up" and setup Exchange to run as a collecting mailserver in its own right (by configuring Exchange, and by contacting our hosts Xilo, giving them our Exchange server's external IP address, and asking them to re-route mail directly to us - via creating an MX record in their DNS I believe).

(Q1) On Thursday, did we go from collecting mail via POP3 to collecting via IMAP ?

(Q2) All along i.e. from Monday, have we been SENDING mail using SMTP ? (and therefore bypassing our hosting provider's mailserver)

A:Exchange/Email basic questions

How many threads do you have on the go zorba?

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I have done a full scan w/ our McaFEE software, and have a warning about "vundo". Files can be quarantined with the scan but not removed. I am going to follow the advice of back up data, but my question is....

What can I do or not do now that the computer has the infection? I tend to treat the computer like a dead machine, completely unusable now that it is infected, but can I back up data w/o spreading the infection? What do these things infect and what are they going to contaminate?


A:vundo infection, but other basic questions

Hello and welcome to Bleeping Computer. Lets try to remove the infection. And you should only back up personal documents such as pictures and word documents, no program files or anything of the such.Please subscribe to your topic so that you will be notified as soon as I post a reply, instead of you having to check the topic all of the time. This will allow you to get an email notification when I reply.To subscribe, go to your topic, and at the top right hand corner by your first post, click the Options button and then click Track this topic. The bullet the immediate notification bubble. Then press submit.Lets take a look with MalwarebytesPlease download Malwarebytes' Anti-Malware from here:MalwarebytesPlease rename the file BEFORE downloading to zztoy.exe instead of mbam-setup.exeMBAM may "make changes to your registry" as part of its disinfection routine. If using other security programs that detect registry changes (ie Spybot's Teatimer), they may interfere or alert you. Temporarily disable such programs or permit them to allow the changes.Double Click zztoy.exe to install the application.* Make sure a checkmark is placed next to Update Malwarebytes' Anti-Malware and Launch Malwarebytes' Anti-Malware, then click Finish.* If an update is found, it will download and install the latest version.* Once the program has loaded, select "Perform Full Scan", then click Scan.* The scan may take some time to finish,so please be patient.* When the scan is complete, click OK, then Sho... Read more

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What is a safe temperature for a motherboard/cpu to be running at?
Right NOW, I am running UT2004 at 1600x1200 with all maximum settings, 32 bots on a huge outdoor map (in a window). My CPU is at 57c and my MB is 41c. These are below the 'warning' lines on my temp moniter, just wanted to know your opinions.

Also, i have 2x256MB dual channel RAM, but under control panal-system it only shows that i have 384MB. My assumption here is that my onboard vid-chip (IGP 9100 radeon 9200 based) is taking up that unseen RAM, since it is shared. Is this correct, or should i see 256MB?

Lastly, i'm looking for a graphic card. i've been doing research...the 6800 line seems to outperform the x800. the gf6800 (plain, no GT/Ultra) is what i'm looking at, is there a huge difference between the 6800 and the 6800 GT? It comes down to this as always: What's the most I can get for my money? I'm looking to spend under 400 here if possible.

Thanks for your opinions and time.

A:basic questions - heat, RAM, video

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Apologies if this is the wrong thread, please inform me which is correct and ill change it.

I have a PC, id like to upgrade my GPU, Do I need to also upgrade my CPU depending on which GPU I buy? Do I need to make sure the power supply can handle the upgrade? Do I need to make sure my motherboard is compatible? I am completely clueless, I have the information on what gpu, cpu & motherboard I have if needed. Thank you!

A:Basic PC Upgrade questions on GPU/CPU/Motherboard

If you provide a detailed description of the processor(CPU) and graphics card(GPU) and motherboard and RAM and power supply(PSU) that are currently in your PC, the hardware experts here should be able to help you.
Also provide a description of the graphics card(GPU) you want to upgrade to, and why you want to do it.
I'm guessing you're a gamer.


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